April - 2010 - Eyjafjallajokull




Subregion Name:

Southern Iceland

Volcano Number:


Volcano Type:


Volcano Status:


Last Known Eruption:


Summit Elevation:

1666 m

5,466 feet







Eyjafjallajökull (also known as Eyjafjöll) is located west of Katla volcano. Eyjafjallajökull consists of an E-W-trending, elongated ice-covered stratovolcano with a 2.5-km-wide summit caldera. Fissure-fed lava flows occur on both the eastern and western flanks of the volcano, but are more prominent on the western side. Although the 1666-m-high volcano has erupted during historical time, it has been less active than other volcanoes of Iceland's eastern volcanic zone, and relatively few Holocene lava flows are known. An intrusion beneath the south flank from July-December 1999 was accompanied by increased seismic activity and was constrained by tilt measurements, GPS-geodesy and InSAR. The last historical eruption of Eyjafjallajökull prior to an eruption in 2010 produced intermediate-to-silicic tephra from the central caldera during December 1821 to January 1823.



Thousands of flights from European airports have been cancelled because of a cloud of ash thrown up by the eruption of a volcano in Iceland. Flying through a volcanic cloud can cause a plane’s engines to fail, a threat that led officials to suspend flights.


Airlines lose $1.7 billion, ash blame game begins - Airlines lost at least $1.7 billion in revenue during the volcanic ash crisis, it took more than a week - to clear a backlog of stranded passengers after about 102,000 flights were canceled around the world. All the trouble began with an April 14 eruption of the Eyjafjallajokull (ay-yah-FYAH-lah-yer-kuhl) volcano. Airlines lost $400 million each day during the first three days of grounding. At one stage, 29 percent of global aviation and 1.2 million passengers a day were affected by the airspace closure ordered by European governments, who feared the risk that volcanic ash could pose to airplanes. It would take three years for the industry to recover from the week of lost flying time. Eamonn Brennan, chief executive of Irish Aviation Authority, defended the governments' responses. He said there was no "safe, quick fix" for the problem and the closures allowed Europe to come up with a risk-mitigation scheme to handle an unprecedented situation."It's important to realize that we've never experienced in Europe something like this before."

(BG) - Авиокомпаниите загубиха най-малко 1,7 млрд $ печалба по време на кризата с вулканичната пепел. Повече от седмица отне възпрепятстваните от ситуацията пътници по летищата да отпътуват по съответните направления. Всички проблеми започнаха с изригването на вулкана Аяфялайъкул в южна Исландия. Авиокомпаниите губеха по 400 милиона долара ежедневно през първите 3 дни от спирането на полетите. В определен етап по 29 % от световната авиация и 1,2 млн пътници на ден изпитваха негативите от затварянето на въздушното пространство за полети заповядано от европейските правителства опасяващи се от риска за въздухоплавателните средства при полет в условията на вулканична пепел. Би могло да отнеме 3 години индустрията да се възстанови поради седмицата загубено летателно време. Е. Бренан, шеф на ирландската Дирекция за Гражданско Въздухоплаване, защити действията на правителствата казвайки, че няма "безопасно, бързо решение" на проблема, което да се справи с безпрецедентната ситуация. "Важно е да осъзнаем, че досега не сме се сблъсквали в Европа с подобен проблем."



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