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Plane carrying 71 people crashes, catches fire in Kathmandu

 

      

 

 

12.03.2018/ 08:18 UTC

Nepal/ Kathmandu-Tribhuvan Airport

Photos

US-Bangla Airlines flight BS211, a DHC-8-Q400 (S2-AGU), crashed while approaching to land at Kathmandu-Tribhuvan Airport, Nepal. At least 51 occupants of the 71 people on board had died and 20 had been injured. US-Bangla spokesman K. Islam said the plane was carrying 32 passengers from Bangladesh, 33 from Nepal and one each from China and the Maldives. The captain was Abid Sultan, a former Bangladesh Air Force pilot. The first officer was Prithula Rashid, the first female pilot of the airline. Sultan had 22 years of flying experience, was one of the experienced pilots of the airline, and had accumulated 1700 hours in the aircraft type. According to the airline, he had flown to Kathmandu more than 100 times. He survived the accident but died of injuries a few hours later. Rashid, 25, joined the airline in July 2016. She survived the accident but died of her injuries.

According to details of the official investigation led by the Nepal government, Captain Abid Sultan was going through tremendous personal mental stress and anxiety, and a series of erroneous decisions on his part led to the crash of the Flight BS211.

The US-Bangla Airlines Flight BS211 flight departed from Shahjalal International Airport, Dhaka, at 12:30 pm. About an hour later, the flight crew began preparations to land at Tribhuvan International Airport. At 1:50 pm, the plane started its descent and the controls were handed over to the Kathmandu’s airport air control room, which directed the flight to descend to 13,500 ft, and cleared the aircraft to hold over a point named “Guras.”

At 2 pm, the airport control tower instructed the flight to reduce its speed and descend to 12,500 ft. The control tower cleared BS211 to approach the 02 runway (from the Koteshwor side).

When the crew did not follow the control tower's instructions, the approach controller at TIA asked the pilots why they were not holding over Guras. At this time, based on the cockpit voice recordings, Sultan responded: “Holding will not be required in this case."

According to the report, Sultan then lit a cigarette, when the aircraft had just under three minutes to start their initial approach. This, the report says, demonstrated complacency and gross negligence of procedural discipline on the pilot’s part.

At this time, the aircraft had lost its use of the plane’s auto-flight guidance system control. And strong westerly winds, blowing at an average of 28 knots, pushed the aircraft to the east.

The tower informed the crew that they were clear to land via the 02 side of the runway, but instead the aircraft seemed to be headed for 20 (on the Boudha side). The report said that at this stage, there was a complete loss of situational awareness on part of the flight crew.

That is when another supervisor controller from the airport tower took over the microphone and cleared the flight to land via 20, assuming that it was the crew’s intention to land from the Boudha side. The aircraft, however, was struggling to locate the runway and continued flying northeast. When the aircraft descended to around 175 ft above ground level, a ground proximity warning system alarm went off.

The tower immediately asked the flight crew about their intention. Sultan radioed his intention to land via 02. Then the air traffic control, while also handling the landing of another aircraft--a Buddha Air aircraft that was approaching from 02, cleared BS211 to land at 02. The information was relayed to BS211 to caution them that there was traffic ahead of them.

The aircraft then started to gain altitude. At this point, according to the report, the captain admitted to his co-pilot that he had made a mistake. Local pilots, who had been monitoring the development on the radar at the airport premises, raised concerns with the tower that the US-Bangla pilots appeared to be disoriented and lost. The tower then issued a landing clearance to the flight for either 02 or 20.

The CVR revealed that both pilots made several statements that reflected that they had completely lost their orientation of the runway, but the issue was not communicated to the ATC.

A few seconds later, the co-pilot reported sighting the runway. The captain, however, still appeared confused. Despite the runway in sight, the co-pilot made no callouts to discontinue the manoeuvre. Alarmed, the control tower hastily cancelled the landing clearance by saying “takeoff clearance cancelled.”

The ground proximity warning alarm sounded continuously in the cockpit while the aircraft flew as low as 45 feet, right over the domestic terminal building. Nepali airline officials at the time had expressed horror watching the plane fly so close to the tower and had praised the pilot for skillfully avoiding hitting the tower and at least half a dozen fueled planes parked at the international airport’s parking bay.

Airport officials at the control tower had described the scene that afternoon, before the crash, as “something like a war film” - a complete suicidal attempt that nearly blew the tower.

The aircraft then finally touched down on the ground, with only its right landing gear hitting the runway, and skidded to crash through the airport’s periphery before coming to a halt onto a nearby field.

The impact started a fire within six seconds because the aircraft had 2,800kg of fuel onboard.

The investigation commission said that because the crash had a low impact, passengers had high chances of survival, but the rapidly spreading post-crash fire prevented passengers from escaping.


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Крушении самолета в Непале, погибло 51

  

Крушении самолета в Непале12.03.2018/ 08:18 UTC
Непал/ Катманду/ аэропорт Трибхуван

 

При крушении самолета Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 (S2-AGU), авиакомпании US-Bangla Airlines рядом с международным аэропортом Катманду погибли 51 человека, 20 были рьнены. Всего на борту находились 67 пассажиров и четыре члена экипажа.

Всего рейсом BS211 из столицы Бангладеш Дакки летели 71 человека.
Самолет развалился на части на поле, расположенном к востоку от аэропорта, после того как он выкатился за пределы взлетно-посадочной полосы, после чего загорелся. Пожарным удалось потушить огонь, однако фюзеляж самолета почти полностью сгорел. Спасателям удалось вывести из огня около двух десятков пассажиров лайнера, потерпевшего катастрофу в аэропорту Катманду. По предварительным данным, причиной авиакатастрофы стали усталость, эмоциональный стресс и дезориентация КВС Абида Султана во время посадки. Аэропорт Катманду считается одним из самых сложных для посадки аэропортов в мире. Самолет приземляется в ущелье, на краю обрыва, ночью полеты не выполняются.

 
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Пътнически самолет се разби на летището в Катманду

     

12.03.2018/ 08:18 UTC
Непал/ Катманду/ аэропорт Трибуван

 
Самолетът Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 (S2-AGU) на авикомпанията US-Bangla Airlines, извършващ полет BS211 от столицата на Бангладеш Дака до Непал, излязъл от пистата по време на кацане и се разбил в поле източно от международното летище "Трибуван" в Катманду. На борда е имало 71 човека, от които пътници 67 и четири души екипаж. От пътниците 33 са непалци, 32 от Бангладеш и по един от Китай и Малдивите. Пожарникарите потушили огъня обхванал самолета за малко повече от 15 минути. Загинали 51. Останалите 20 на борда получили наранявания с различна степен на травмиране и изгаряне.
Според предварителния доклад от разследването катастрофата е в резултат на пилотска грешка, най-вече на командира на въздухоплавателното средство Абид Султан, който явно бил изморен и под неимоверен стрес. Това довело до дезориентация и поредица от неправилни решения и действия при кацането. Заради ниската облачност над летището, макар и разпокъсана, при втори заход той снижил опасно профила на кацане, като явно самолетът не бил и съвсем по глисадата. Приличало на опит за самоубийство, споделя очевидец. Самолетът прелетял на 15 м над летищна сграда, едва избегнал контролната кула и други самолети на стоянката, приземил се твърдо на десния колесник, излязъл от ПИК и на полето източно от летището се разпаднал на части и запалил. Часове след катастрофата командирът на екипажа умира от раните си в болницата. Вторият пилот Притула Рашид, която се явява и първата жена пилот в летателната история на Бангладеш според медиите, почива също от получените наранявания по-късно.

 

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12.03.2018 - AircrashConsult